“It was the Assyrian monarch, Sargon II (721-705 BC), who first forcefully relocated Hebrews
after the conquest of Israel, the northern kingdom of the Hebrews.
Although this was a comparatively mild deportation and perfectly in line with Assyrian practice,
it marks the historical beginning of the Jewish diaspora.”
Source: Mesopotamia from Washington State University, ©Richard Hooker -----)”
(40 BCE), and the Land became a province of the Roman Empire.
Growing anger against increased Roman suppression of Jewish life resulted in sporadic violence which
esclated into a full-scale revolt in 66 CE. Superior Roman forces led by Titus were finally victorious,
the contemporary historian Josephus Flavius, hundreds of thousands of Jews perished in the siege
of Jerusalem and elsewhere in the country, and many thousands more were sold into slavery.
during which Jerusalem and Judea were regained. However, given the overwhelming power of the Romans, the
with a yoke of oxen," Judea was renamed Palaestinia and Jerusalem, Aelia Capitolina.
survived the encounter with Rome. ----)”
Jesú bođađi trú Gyđinga.
Jesus preached the Jewish religion.
Ţessi trú Gyđinga var bođuđ sem slík í nokkur hundruđ ár.
For several centuries, the Jewish religion was spread in that form to other peoples.
feeling that it competed with the Emperor.
Stór hluti borgara í Rómaveldi var orđinn hlyntur ţessari trú.
By this time a large part of the Roman population adhered to this belief.
Keisarinn gerđist ţá höfuđ trúarinnar (if you can not beet them, join them).
Therefore, the Emporer made himself head of the religion - if you can’t beat them, join them!
Guđspjöllin sem Róm náđi til, gefa í skin ađ ćđstu prestarnir og frćđimennirnir
hafi veriđ ráđviltir og viljađ losna viđ Jesú.
were bewildered and wanted to get rid of Jesus.
Eitt guđspjall fannst í Tíbet “1887”? og er ţađ trúlega óritskođađ af Róm
Gospel, found in
Í ţessu Guđspjalli krossfestu Rómverjar Jesú en Gyđingar mótmćltu.
According to this Gospel, the Romans crucified Jesus, while the Jews protested.
I Matteusarguđspjalli hyllir lýđurinn Jesús
8 Fjöldamargir breiddu klćđi sín á veginn, en ađrir hjuggu lim af trjánum og stráđu á veginn.
9 Og múgur sá, sem á undan fór og eftir fylgdi, hrópađi: ,,Hósanna syni Davíđs!
Blessađur sé sá sem kemur, í nafni Drottins! Hósanna í hćstum hćđum!``
10 Ţegar hann kom inn í Jerúsalem, varđ öll borgin í uppnámi, og menn spurđu: ,,Hver er hann?``
11 Fólkiđ svarađi: ,,Ţađ er spámađurinn Jesús frá Nasaret í Galíleu.``
12 Ţá gekk Jesús í helgidóminn og rak út alla, sem voru ađ selja ţar og kaupa,
hratt um borđum víxlaranna og stólum dúfnasalanna
13 og mćlti viđ ţá: ,,Ritađ er: ,Hús mitt á ađ vera bćnahús,` en ţér gjöriđ ţađ ađ rćningjabćli.``
14 Blindir og haltir komu til hans í helgidóminum, og hann lćknađi ţá.
15 Ćđstu prestarnir og frćđimennirnir sáu dásemdarverkin, sem hann gjörđi, og heyrđu börnin hrópa í
helgidóminum: ,,Hósanna syni Davíđs!`` Ţeir urđu gramir viđ
16 og sögđu viđ hann: ,,Heyrir ţú, hvađ ţau segja?`` Jesús svarađi ţeim: ,,Já, hafiđ ţér aldrei lesiđ ţetta:
,Af barna munni og brjóstmylkinga býrđu ţér lof.```
,,21:8 A very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees,
and spread them on the road.
is he who come
21:10 When he had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?”
21:11 The multitudes said, “Thi
21:12 Jesus entered into the temple of God, and drove out all of those who sold and bought in the temple,
and overthrew the money changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold the doves.
but you have made it a den of robbers!”*
21:14 The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them.
21:15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children
who were crying in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the son of David!” they were indignant,
21:16 and said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?”Jesus said to them, “Yes. Did you never read,
‘Out of the mouth of babes and nursing babies you have perfected praise?’”*
Spurning er hvort Róm vildi kenna Gyđingum um krossfestinguna,
There is a question of whether Rome wanted to blame the crucifixion on the Jews
hvort reynt var ađ láta líta svo út ađ kristni vćri eitthvađ annađ en trú
in an effort to make it appear that Christianity was something other than the Jewish religion.
Var Gyđingum eitt og ţeir ţjakađir í 2000 ár vegna ţessarar krossfestingar Rómverja á Jesu?
Were Jews exterminated and persecuted for 2000 years because the Romans crucified Jesus?
Vegna ţessarar krossfestingar Rómar eđa valdsins, á trúnni á ađ valdiđ bćri ábyrgđ á gerđum sínum
gagnvart skapara alls.
were responsible to God for their actions?
Er Evrópa enn ađ, erum viđ enn ađ?
Is Europe still on this course? Are we still on this course?
Dauđahafs handritin munu fćra gyđinga og kristna saman.
The Dead Sea Scrolls will move Jews and Christians together.
Trú Gyđinga frá ţví fyrir Krist lifđi áfram í kristninni
Rom umbar Rabbina skólan sem var kenndur hjá Gyđingum frá 70 eftir Krist.
Rom tolerated the Rabbinical school from 70 after Christ.
Hver getur leitt Gyđingdóm, Kristindóm og Múhameđstrú saman.
Who can guide Judaism, Christendom and Islam together.
Allir ákalla ţeir Guđ Abrahams.
All of them appael to the God of Abraham.
Pliny the Elder's account of the Essenes (28.)
The only wing of Judean politics to survive the great war was a Pharisaitic branch built largely under
the auspices of Johanan ben Zakkai who obtained permission from Titus, the Roman conqueror of
Jerusalem in 70 A.D., to go to Jamnia and there
set up a Rabbinical school.
The rabbinical school in Jamnia instrumented sweeping change
creating what is called 'Rabbinic Judaism', the
forerunner of Judaism a
As we have already mentioned, what makes the
Qumran documents so important to u
that it consists of pre-Jamnian material.
It presents us with a picture of Judaism a
But for most Christians, the scrolls at Qumran are living proof that the scriptures we have today
stem from documents that have changed little, if at all, over two thousand years
of copying and recopying by numberless unknown
The 'Isaiah Scroll' which comes from Qumran and is displayed in its entirety at the very center
of the The Israel Museum in Jerusalem is at least 100 years older than Jesus.
Its very age absolute proof that Isaiah's words of prophecy ring out a truth that Christians could not
possibly have made up, or altered, during the course of their ministry.
The Jewish Roman World of Jesus
Dr. James D. Tabor
The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered between 1947-1956 in 11 caves (5 by Beduin; 6 by archaeologists)
on the upper northwest shore of the Dead Sea.
The Scrolls appear to be the library of a Jewish sect which was hidden away in caves around the outbreak
of the Jewish-Roman War (66 C.E.). Archaeological evidence indicates the settlement had been inhabited
since about 150 B.C.E.
The Scrolls are of great interest to both Jews and Christians. They represent a non-rabbinic form of Judaism,
and also contain many important parallels to the Jesus movement. -------)”
Discovery of the Scrolls
Men of Qumran and the Messiah
"Probably the Dead Sea Scrolls have had the greatest Biblical impact. they have provided
Old Testament manuscripts approximately 1,000 years older than our previous oldest manuscript.
The Dead Sea Scrolls have demonstrated that the Old Testament was accurately transmitted during
the life of Christ.
--Dr. Bryant Wood, archaeologist, Associates for Biblical Research
Doctrine of the Scrolls
It is a prediction of the birth of a Wonderful Child, possibly drawing on Isaiah 9:6-7:
"For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given... and his name shall be called Wonderful."
This child will bear special marks on His body and will be distinguished by wisdom and intelligence.
He will be able to probe the secrets of all living creatures, and He will inaugurate the new age for
which the faithful fervently awaited.
messiah, they did expect one whose general characteristics were strikingly illustrated by Jesus of Nazareth,
the Son of God and Messiah. It is not known if some early Christian brought the message of Jesus
to this wilderness community. We are left only to speculate on how they would have responded to
the Wonderful Child
born in Bethlehem who was the Prophet, Priest and