The Skaftár lava

We have climbed up about 100 metres and now have a good view over the lava as far as the eye can see. In 1783, this was of course still glowing and covered by a blue mist of pollutant gases. Most damaging of these were sulphur dioxide and fluorine. The former lead to the production of acid rain and destruction of grazing land, while the latter led to damage of teeth in livestock. By the end of the eruption in 1784, new lava covered a total of 580 square kilometres.


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