The Skaftár lava
We have climbed up about
100 metres and now have a good view over the lava as far as the eye
can see. In 1783, this was of course still glowing and covered by a
blue mist of pollutant gases. Most damaging of these were sulphur
dioxide and fluorine. The former lead to the production of acid rain
and destruction of grazing land, while the latter led to damage of
teeth in livestock. By the end of the eruption in 1784, new lava
covered a total of 580 square kilometres.
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