1. The entrance to the harbour in Vestmannaeyjar was poorly protected from southeasterly winds before the eruption!
2.By the end of the eruption in 1973, new lava had narrowed the harbour entrance and formed a more sheltered entrance. The students are standing on the new lava in the foreground, while the older (8,000-12,000 yrs) móberg formation (altered tuff) can be seen across the entrance. Mainland Iceland in the distance.
3. Looking across the town on Vestmannaeyjar from the new lava. About 200 houses were buried under lava, mainly to the right in this picture. The smoke is from the capelin processing plant.
5. From a boat trip around the Vestmann Islands. The sea has eroded many caves in the móberg rocks (altered tuff).
6. Picture taken from the new volcano, Eldfell, looking southwards along the eruption fissure, which has been marked in on the right hand image.
8. A quarry section through mainly rhyolitic volcanic ash from various Hekla eruptions, some of it from the 1947 eruption, some earlier. In 1104, a huge explosive eruption led to hardship and disappearance of settlement in a large part of the þjórsá valley, near Hekla.
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These pages are maintained by Dr Georg R Douglas, Hamrahlíð College, 105 Reykjavík, Iceland.