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550 Earth sciences
last update: 17.11.1999

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last update: 17.11.1999
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551Geology, hydrology, meteorology ]551.1 Gross structure and properties of the earth ]551.2 Volcanoes, earthquakes, thermal waters and gases ]551.21 Volcanoes ]551.22 Earthquakes ]551.3 Surface and exogenous processes and their agents ]551.4 Geomorphology and hydrosphere ]551.46 Hydrosphere Oceanography ]551.5 Meteorology] 551.6 Climatology and weather] 551.7 Historical geology ]552 Petrology]553 Economic geology ]553.8 Gems]554Earth sciences of Europe ]555 Earth sciences of Asia]556 Earth sciences of Africa]557 Earth sciences of North America]558 Earth sciences of South America ]559 Earth sciences of other areas



551.2 Volcanoes, earthquakes, thermal waters and gases
last update: 17.11.1999

About Geysers..(Alan Glennon) - explains what they are, how they erupt and gives links to examples.

     551.21 Volcanoes
    last update: 17.11.1999
    The Electronic Volcano (Dartmouth) - full of serious scientific resources. Journals, observatories etc. But very accessible for the highschool student.
    Global Volcanism Program: Volcanoes of the World (Smithsonian Institute) - lists volcanoes of the world alphabetically, geographically and by age (within last 10.000 years). Links to individual volcanoes gives detailed information on activity, including for example seismic maps and some images.
    The Hawaii Center for Volcanology - very good site for scientific information on Hawaii and its geology.
    The Volcanic Homepage (Jonathan Dehn, Geol. Survey of Japan) - very well constructed and organized web site which covers most aspects of volcanism. The site is aimed at research scientists, but contains many resources of value at any level, such as images,
    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (Hawaiin Tourist Board) - This is basically a tourist web site, but it gives a good idea of the environment, gives eruption pictures and history and an interesting non-scientific account of the geological history!
    MTU Volcanoes (Michigan Technological University Volcanoes page) - A definitive web site on volcanoes, covering most aspects. A good starting point if in doubt.
    New Millenium Observatory(NeMO) includes research cruise to the bottom of the sea where Axial Volcano erupted in January 1998.
    Popocatepetl (Mexico) (Hugo Delgado Granadios - Instituto de Geofísica Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Ciudad Universitaria )
    Research on volcano-tectonics, volcanic stratigraphy, volcanic morphology, volcanic gas detection, and other monitoring of this very active volcano.
    Stromboli on-line ( Jürg Alean and Roberto Carniel) - very comprehensive web site dealing with all aspects of this active Italian volcano.



    Smithsonian Institution - Global Volcanism Program. Up to minute reports on active volcanoes throughout the world.
    Types of volcanism - (Kinds of Volcanic eruptions -from Volcano World) - descriptions, with very good illustrations of the main types of volcanic activity. Examples from many parts of the world, including submarine eruption.
    Volcano World (Univ. of N. Dakota with NASA) - well established and comprehensive site treating all aspects of the subject, including eruption info. Very "with it" site and popular science approach. (see also below)
    Volcano World-NO FRAMES version
    Volcanoes (USGS) - selected USA web sites dealing with volcanoes from various viewpoints. Includes general sites and case studies. Alphabetically arranged. Also avilable are the Hazard related fact sheets. Many of these are in .pdf format for which you will need a reader programme. See help on plugins
    World Wide Volcanism- useful list of links to pages on various aspects of volcanism, including volcanic hazards, effects of eruption on climate, observatories and volcanoes on the planets. (Part of NASA TOMS pages).


  • 551.22 Earthquakes
    last update: 17.11.1999
    Earthquakes (USGS) - alphabetical listing of selected interesting and varied earthquake related web sites in the USA, from the USGS Hazard theme pages. Also avilable are the Hazard related fact sheets. Many of these are in .pdf format for which you will need a reader programme. See help on plugins
    Earthquake (USGS) - alphabetical listing of non-USGS resources - mainly research institutions and university departments.
    Earthquake Research Institute, Univ. of Tokyo - for information on earthquakes in Japan and the Pacific.
    IRIS (Home page) - although a professional consortium, there is much of interest to the student and teacher here., some specifically intended to be educational.
    New Zealand - recent earthquake reports. (Geophysics Inst. Victoria Univ. Wellington) - for a S Hemisphere location.
    Parkfield-crustal deformation measurements (USGS) - earthquake forecasting and ground measurements. Probably the best known site for such investigations.
    Quake View (Univ. of Michigan) - interactive seismological center to view earthquakes through seismogram displays, tutorials and tools for data analysis
    Surfing the Internet for earthquake data (Steve Malone) - large number of seismic links arranged geographically. Probably contains nearly everything. A very good starting point. Also provides ftp, finger info. etc.
    Stærri skjálftar (>4) á árunum 1706-1990 - table of seismic events >4 between the years mentioned.
    Tsunami! (Univ. of Washington, Geophysics program) - clearly constructed web site dealing with all aspects of these earthquake triggered "tidal" waves. Aimed at a general audience with average hardware facilities
    UC Berkeley Seismographic Station - good source for N Californian earthquake information, but also a lot of general info. on earthquakes. Teaching info.





  • 551.46 Hydrosphere Oceanography
    last update: 17.11.1999
    BUBL- Oceanography. Comprehensive links classified by UDC system
    Introductory Course (Prof. M Tomczak, Flinders Univ. South Australia). Online introductory course in oceanography. Concise with clear diagrams and illustrations.
    Oceanography (D Stevens, UK) - compact but well organized list of resources. Includes geographical areas, subject and a what´s new section.
    ODP (Ocean Drilling Program) - programme run by US National Science Foundation & 18 other countries, including Iceland via. the European Science Foundation. They conduct basic research on the history of the ocean basins and the ocean crust, using the JOIDES Resolution research ship. A lot of very technical stuff, but you get a good idea of what is being researched and where the latest drilling programmes are.
    Methods and Equipment Used by Marine Geologists. Useful summary of the instrumentation on which much of the present geological knowledge is built. Not just technical, but relates to the geology.



    NOAA - the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration . This is their homepage giving all the services offered.
    Oceanography on the Net - Scripps Institute of Oceanography Library . Huge list of probably all the resources
    Scripps Institute of Oceanography - RESEARCH OVERVIEW(San Diego Ca.) - this is a review of their research programmes with links to the main areas concerned. These include:Marine Biotechnology And Biomedicine, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Geology, Marine Life And Ecosystems Research, Coastal Management, Global Change And The Greenhouse Effect, Technology and Support of Ocean and Atmospheric Research .
    Woods Hole Field Center (USGS) - Atlantic coast oceanographic research Institute. This is the homepage.
    World Wide Virtual Library- Oceanography. WWWVL offers Library of Congress classification on home page and various other classification options.
    Yahoo- Oceanography